Indonesia

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The Republic of Indonesia is an archipelago of comprised of approximately 13,000 islands that stretch from mainland Southeast Asia to Papua New Guinea. The country's far flung geography and many islands have historically ensured the development of incredible diversity among its peoples. Many arger islands served as waypoints for Indian, Arab, and Chinese traders dating back to at least the 7th centuries, and in this areas, cross-cultural influences remain strong. However, many societies also developed independently from external influence. Thus, today, Indonesia is home to over seven-hundred living languages and equally pronounced cultural diversity.
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{{History_of_the_Peace_Corps_by_country}}
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Current Indo PCV's serve on Java, Indonesia's economic and political center. In terms of area, Java's size of 128,000 kilometers squared is comparable Florida. However, the island's advanced agriculturalism and rich, volcanic soils support an astonishing population of over 135 million, or approximately 58% of the country's total population.
 
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Volunteers serving in Java are able to witness and take part in an important period of national identification for both the country and its people. For although Indonesia is home to the world's largest Muslim population, the vast majority of its people are committed to the tolerance and openness exemplified by "Pancasila," the nation's philosophical foundation, which calls for social justice, religious pluralism, just government, and democratic rule. And as Indonesia continues to embrace and develop its recently reformed democracy (1998), the country has the potential to stand as a powerful political example within Southeast Asia and beyond.
 
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***
 
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Indonesia (Listeni/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ or /ˌɪndoʊˈniːziə/), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands.[5] It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world's eighteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity.
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Peace Corps signed a cooperation agreement with the government of Guinea in 1962, which forms the basis for our current country program. The first Volunteers arrived in Guinea in 1963. However, in 1966, relations between the United States government and the government of Guinea soured, and the Guinean government asked Volunteers to leave. Peace Corps was invited back in 1969, but again relations between the two governments deteriorated, and Volunteers left in 1971. Soon after President Sekou Touré’s death in 1984, Peace Corps was asked to return once again to Guinea.
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The Indonesian archipelago has become an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.
 
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Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest—and the politically dominant—ethnic group. Indonesia has developed a shared identity defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country is richly endowed with natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.[6][7]
 
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{{CountryboxAlternative
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===History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Guinea===
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|Countryname= Indonesia
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|CountryCode = id
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|status = [[ACTIVE]]
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|Flag= Flag_of_Indonesia.svg
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|Welcomebooklink = http://www.peacecorps.gov/welcomebooks/phwb492.pdf
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|Region= [[Asia]]
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|CountryDirector= [[Ken Puvak]]
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|Sectors= [[Education]]
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|ProgramDates= [[1963]] - [[1965]]<br>[[2010]] - [[Present]]
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|CurrentlyServing= 43
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|TotalVolunteers= 87
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|Languages= [[Indonesian]], [[Javanese]], [[Madurese]], [[Arabic]]
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|Map= Indonesia_(orthographic_projection).svg
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|stagingdate= April 4 2011
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|stagingcity= San Francisco
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}}
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==Peace Corps History in Indonesia==
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Forty-five physical education Volunteers served in Indonesia from 1963-1964 working with Indonesians in advancing their sports programs. The program was brought to a close in 1965 as a result of political upheaval and concerns for the safety and security of the Volunteers.
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The mission of the Peace Corps in Guinea is to help the people of Guinea meet their development and human resource needs. Existing projects address the top development priorities of the government, which are: education, health, natural resource management and small enterprise development. Most Volunteers are based in rural areas so that they may reach those communities most in need of assistance.  
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In October 2006, the Government of Indonesia invited Peace Corps to send an assessment team to Indonesia for the purpose of reestablishing a program. A full assessment was completed in February 2007 and was followed up with a safety and security assessment in the fall of that year. The respective Governments signed a new agreement regarding the establishment of a Peace Corps program in December 2009.
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Since 1963, more than 1,100 Volunteers have served in Guinea. Currently, approximately 115 Volunteers serve in-country. No matter what sector they are in, Volunteers are much in demand by schools, health centers, cooperatives, and rural communities; requests for Volunteers historically exceed our capacity to provide them.  
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==Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle==
 
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'''Living Conditions'''
 
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Most if not all volunteers will live with host families. Living with host families can initially be challenging however your host families will be integral in exposing and helping you better understand Indonesian culture, customs, and most importantly with community integration.
 
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Peace Corps Staff, in collaboration with the selected school will find living arrangements that meet Peace Corps standards. Prior to site placements, there will be a brief interview in which you can discuss specific requests about your arrangements. All volunteers will live in homes with running water and electricity. You'll be provided with a bed, desk, and dresser. You will be given a small readjustment allowance to purchase any additional items you may need to make your new living situation more comfortable, including money for a bicycle.  
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The development philosophy of Peace Corps/Guinea is to build capacity from the ground up—to empower people so they can improve the quality of their own lives. This philosophy has an impact not only on the education, health, and economics of the people in communities where Volunteers work, but also on their view of the role of private citizens in a democracy such as ours, and this fosters an appreciation for honest, transparent and democratic institutions and governance.  
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Most volunteers will have access small family-operated shops that sell basic amenities, markets, post offices, internet cafes, and some form of public transportation (though that doesn't mean it's consistent).  
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The future for Peace Corps/Guinea looks good, and we envision changes that will make it even better. Because the government of Guinea is unable to recruit sufficient numbers of teachers to meet the needs of rural schools, Peace Corps/ Guinea continues to supply high school classroom teachers.  We hope to move to the next level of capacity building and train teachers themselves. There also appear to be opportunities to work in new regions of Guinea, and Peace Corps staff members are currently evaluating re-entry to the Forest region.
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In the home, it is most common that your host family will provide meals. Most Indonesian homes do not have laundry machines. Laundry will usually be hand-washed by the volunteer, however there are places in most neighborhoods that offer laundry services. As for bathrooms, most volunteers will be using squat toilets and taking bucket baths at least twice per day.
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===Assignment History===
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{| border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
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|-
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| align="center" | '''[[Sector]]''' || '''[[Assignment]]''' || '''[[Beg. Yr]]''' || '''[[End. Yr]]'''
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|-
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| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Agriculture]]'''
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| [[AgroForestry]]
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| [[2004]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Ag Extension]]
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| [[1988]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Crop Extension]]
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| [[1963]]
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| [[1988]]
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|-
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| rowspan="6" align="center"| '''[[Business]]'''
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| [[Accounting]]
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| [[1990]]
 +
| [[1992]]
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|-
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| [[Business Advising]]
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| [[1988]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Business Development]]
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| [[2004]]
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| [[2004]]
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|-
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| [[Computer Science]]
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| [[2004]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Cooperatives]]
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| [[1988]]
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| [[1990]]
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|-
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| [[NGO Advising]]
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| [[2006]]
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| [[2006]]
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|-
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| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Crisis Corps]]'''
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| [[Crisis Corps]]
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| [[1995]]
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| [[2006]]
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|-
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| rowspan="5" align="center"| '''[[Education]]'''
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| [[English Teacher]]
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| [[1963]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Prim-Ed/Teach Trn]]
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| [[1991]]
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| [[1991]]
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|-
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| [[Secondary-Ed Math]]
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| [[1989]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Secondary-Ed Sci.]]
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| [[1995]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Univ. English Teaching]]
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| [[1995]]
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| [[2002]]
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|-
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| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Environment]]'''
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| [[Comm Forestry Ext]]
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| [[1988]]
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| [[1998]]
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|-
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| [[Environmental Ed.]]
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| [[1995]]
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| [[2002]]
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|-
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| [[Forestry]]
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| [[1979]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Health]]'''
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| [[Disease Control]]
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| [[1992]]
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| [[1992]]
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|-
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| [[Health Extension]]
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| [[1989]]
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| [[2008]]
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|-
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| [[Hygiene Ed/Sanitation]]
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| [[1990]]
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| [[1991]]
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|-
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| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Master's International]]'''
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| [[Masters Internationalist]]
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| [[1997]]
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| [[2006]]
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|-
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| rowspan="1" align="center"| '''[[Other]]'''
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| [[Unique Skill]]
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| [[1992]]
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| [[1992]]
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|-
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|-
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| rowspan="3" align="center"| '''[[Youth and Community Development]]'''
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| [[Commun. Serv/Deg.]]
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| [[2001]]
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| [[2007]]
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|-
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| [[Rural Youth Dev.]]
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| [[1991]]
 +
| [[1991]]
 +
|-
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| [[Youth Development]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 +
| [[2007]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
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'''Volunteer Lifestyle'''
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===1963-66===
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PCVs receive a comfortable monthly living stipend provided by Peace Corps.
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===1969-71===
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It is possible for most PCVs to have internet in their homes, however most schools have WiFi.
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===Return in 1986===
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Generally most PCVs will come to find that they are living quite well with what they are given.
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Peace Corps evidently fast-tracked its return in response to the request by the new Guinean government. PC/[[Senegal]] was put in charge of the operation, under the direction of its country director [[Carroll Bouchard]]. At some point in 1985, it was decided to recruit extending volunteers in agriculture and forestry to work with two [[USAID]] funded projects, one in Faranah and the other in Pita. Four extending PCVs joined the program, three from PC/Senegal and one from PC/[[Mali]]. They participated in a one-week orientation held in the first week of October 1985 at the PC/Senegal training center in [[Thiès]], at the end of which the two agriculture volunteers decided not to go to Guinea.
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==Pre-Service Training==
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The two forestry volunteers went to Guinea to do a 5-week orientation in October and November with the ''Projet de Reboisement Communautaire'' in Pita. They each then took home leave before returning in January.
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Pre-Service Training is an intense 10 week program that prepares volunteers to be successful in their final post. Indonesia’s PST consists of cross-cultural, language, TEFL, medical, and safety & security training. Because PC Indo is set up to be a Community Based Training program, trainees live in small villages and receive a large amount of training there. Trainees live with a host family in order to gain access to the language and community quickly and more fully. During PST, trainees are also required to teach at a practicum school (3 weeks) to learn about how Indonesian schools and classes are run. PST for both ID4 and ID5 groups has been in the city of Malang, East Java.
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==Healthcare & Safety==
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The project, which was at the end of its USAID funding, was run by a [[Burkina Faso]] RPCV, David Laframboise. The idea was for PCVs to assist the project in its ongoing work during a period before a hoped-for follow on project (which ultimately did not happen). Two senior USAID staff in country, [[Mark Wentling]] and Robert Hellyer, played roles in facilitating this connection, along with the head of the Guinean forestry service in Conakry, Kalidou Diallo.
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Peace Corps provides all PCVs with adequate healthcare during training and throughout service. Upon arrival in Indonesia, the Peace Corps Medical Officer will equip you with a medical kit (a list will be posted soon) that can be refilled with anything you need at any time. There is no need to bring basic medicine from the States.  
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Peace Corps officially restarted in Guinea with signature of appropriate documents by the government of Guinea in January 1986. The new country director for PC/Guinea, [[Jerry Pasela]], had arrived the month before, and began setting up an office and recruiting staff. One of the volunteers left for personal reasons, so PC/Guinea had one US staff and one PCV from January until arrival of a group of new forestry volunteers in September 1987.
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During training and throughout service you will participate in a number of detailed medical and safety sessions that will prepare you a variety of situations.
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The group of 5 new volunteers for Guinea had actually been recruited for the forestry program in Burkina Faso, but the cancellation of the PC program in that country while they were in Stateside training led to their joining PC/Guinea. Their "in country" training was held in [[Thies]]. This group in turn provided continuity of the program with new training groups in other areas that followed.
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==Cultural and Work-Related Challenges==
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[[Category:Guinea]]
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Diversity of site placements and Volunteers’ personalities guarantees that each PCV has a unique, in-country experience.  That said, both staff and Volunteers respect each trainee’s right to “figure out” Indonesia for him or herself, to write his or her own story.  The list of “cultural and occupational challenges” included here, then, has been simplified. Its contents target only some of the broadest obstacles we face as Indo PCVs.
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=== Cultural Challenges ===
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* “Jam Karet” (rubber time)
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* Conservative dress expectations both in and outside of school
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* Lack of privacy
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* Lack of independence sufficient to perform everyday chores and activities (more so for women)
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=== Work-Related Challenges ===
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* Frequent, unexpected class cancellations
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* Teaching counterparts unaccustomed to participatory learning techniques
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* Poorly written textbooks
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* Large, multilevel classes
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* High expectations from administrators and counterparts
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* Limited access to teaching resources (photocopiers, basic supplies, etc.)
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==Packing List==
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Advice (will expand in the coming months!): Pack minimally. Don't be too surprised as you will be able to find most things you need in Surabaya. If you need items from a special brand or company, you may have a little trouble but getting items shipped over is not too difficult, though fairly expensive. It is suggested that you buy high quality and durable items in the States as foreign brands can be more expensive overseas.
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Before you purchase some major items, be sure to check out discounts that are offered to Peace Corps Volunteers, this can save you a lot of money!
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Keep in mind, you have an 80lb weight limit and you will be charged at the airport if you exceed this.
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Clothes:
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Many of you, male and female, will be given a uniform by your school. Knowing this may reduce the amount of “teaching” clothes you feel you need to bring.
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* Tailoring is very cheap here, so don’t be afraid to pack lightly for service and plan on having some things made once you arrive.
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* Indonesian teachers dress very well; don’t expect to wear t-shirt, jeans, and flip-flops to school.
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* Higher-quality clothes which can withstand two years of hand-washing are preferred. You’ll also appreciate clothes made of lightweight and/or fast-drying cloth.
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* You can find most clothing you need here, though average (or above) sized Americans may have difficulty and will need to get things made, especially shoes.
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* Leather bags or jackets may mold quickly here. It's true.
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* Female volunteers comment that women shouldn’t bother bringing anything low cut as you’re unlikely to wear it within your communities.
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==Peace Corps Indonesia New & Other Useful Links==
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Current events relating to Peace Corps are also available by [[News | country of service]] or [[News by state|your home state]]
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''The following is automatic RSS feed of Peace Corps news for this country.''<br><rss title=on desc=off>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&ned=us&scoring=n&q=%22peace+corps%22+%22indonesia%22&output=rss|charset=UTF-8|short|date=M d</rss>
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==See also==
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* [[Volunteers who served in Indonesia]]
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[[Category:Indonesia]] [[Category:Asia]]
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[[Category:Country]]
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Revision as of 14:50, 14 October 2013

History of the Peace Corps
vvZFOeV9RWw|250}}
Since 1960, when then Senator John F. Kennedy challenged students at the University of Michigan to serve their country in the cause of peace by living and working in developing countries, more than 182,000 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in 138 countries all over the globe.

See also:



Peace Corps signed a cooperation agreement with the government of Guinea in 1962, which forms the basis for our current country program. The first Volunteers arrived in Guinea in 1963. However, in 1966, relations between the United States government and the government of Guinea soured, and the Guinean government asked Volunteers to leave. Peace Corps was invited back in 1969, but again relations between the two governments deteriorated, and Volunteers left in 1971. Soon after President Sekou Touré’s death in 1984, Peace Corps was asked to return once again to Guinea.


Contents

History and Future of Peace Corps Programming in Guinea

The mission of the Peace Corps in Guinea is to help the people of Guinea meet their development and human resource needs. Existing projects address the top development priorities of the government, which are: education, health, natural resource management and small enterprise development. Most Volunteers are based in rural areas so that they may reach those communities most in need of assistance.

Since 1963, more than 1,100 Volunteers have served in Guinea. Currently, approximately 115 Volunteers serve in-country. No matter what sector they are in, Volunteers are much in demand by schools, health centers, cooperatives, and rural communities; requests for Volunteers historically exceed our capacity to provide them.


The development philosophy of Peace Corps/Guinea is to build capacity from the ground up—to empower people so they can improve the quality of their own lives. This philosophy has an impact not only on the education, health, and economics of the people in communities where Volunteers work, but also on their view of the role of private citizens in a democracy such as ours, and this fosters an appreciation for honest, transparent and democratic institutions and governance.

The future for Peace Corps/Guinea looks good, and we envision changes that will make it even better. Because the government of Guinea is unable to recruit sufficient numbers of teachers to meet the needs of rural schools, Peace Corps/ Guinea continues to supply high school classroom teachers. We hope to move to the next level of capacity building and train teachers themselves. There also appear to be opportunities to work in new regions of Guinea, and Peace Corps staff members are currently evaluating re-entry to the Forest region.

Assignment History

Sector Assignment Beg. Yr End. Yr
Agriculture AgroForestry 2004 2007
Ag Extension 1988 2007
Crop Extension 1963 1988
Business Accounting 1990 1992
Business Advising 1988 2007
Business Development 2004 2004
Computer Science 2004 2007
Cooperatives 1988 1990
NGO Advising 2006 2006
Crisis Corps Crisis Corps 1995 2006
Education English Teacher 1963 2007
Prim-Ed/Teach Trn 1991 1991
Secondary-Ed Math 1989 2007
Secondary-Ed Sci. 1995 2007
Univ. English Teaching 1995 2002
Environment Comm Forestry Ext 1988 1998
Environmental Ed. 1995 2002
Forestry 1979 2007
Health Disease Control 1992 1992
Health Extension 1989 2008
Hygiene Ed/Sanitation 1990 1991
Master's International Masters Internationalist 1997 2006
Other Unique Skill 1992 1992
Youth and Community Development Commun. Serv/Deg. 2001 2007
Rural Youth Dev. 1991 1991
Youth Development 2007 2007

1963-66

1969-71

Return in 1986

Peace Corps evidently fast-tracked its return in response to the request by the new Guinean government. PC/Senegal was put in charge of the operation, under the direction of its country director Carroll Bouchard. At some point in 1985, it was decided to recruit extending volunteers in agriculture and forestry to work with two USAID funded projects, one in Faranah and the other in Pita. Four extending PCVs joined the program, three from PC/Senegal and one from PC/Mali. They participated in a one-week orientation held in the first week of October 1985 at the PC/Senegal training center in Thiès, at the end of which the two agriculture volunteers decided not to go to Guinea.

The two forestry volunteers went to Guinea to do a 5-week orientation in October and November with the Projet de Reboisement Communautaire in Pita. They each then took home leave before returning in January.

The project, which was at the end of its USAID funding, was run by a Burkina Faso RPCV, David Laframboise. The idea was for PCVs to assist the project in its ongoing work during a period before a hoped-for follow on project (which ultimately did not happen). Two senior USAID staff in country, Mark Wentling and Robert Hellyer, played roles in facilitating this connection, along with the head of the Guinean forestry service in Conakry, Kalidou Diallo.

Peace Corps officially restarted in Guinea with signature of appropriate documents by the government of Guinea in January 1986. The new country director for PC/Guinea, Jerry Pasela, had arrived the month before, and began setting up an office and recruiting staff. One of the volunteers left for personal reasons, so PC/Guinea had one US staff and one PCV from January until arrival of a group of new forestry volunteers in September 1987.

The group of 5 new volunteers for Guinea had actually been recruited for the forestry program in Burkina Faso, but the cancellation of the PC program in that country while they were in Stateside training led to their joining PC/Guinea. Their "in country" training was held in Thies. This group in turn provided continuity of the program with new training groups in other areas that followed.

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