Suriname

From Peace Corps Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 844: Line 844:
* Place all important papers—mortgages, deeds, stocks, and bonds—in a safe deposit box or with an attorney or other caretaker.
* Place all important papers—mortgages, deeds, stocks, and bonds—in a safe deposit box or with an attorney or other caretaker.
-
[[Category:Suriname]] [[Category:The Caribbean]]
+
[[Category:Suriname]] [[Category:The Caribbean]] [[Category:South America]]

Revision as of 01:31, 29 January 2008

For the official Welcome Book for Suriname see here


Contents

PEACE CORPS / SURINAME HISTORY AND PROGRAMS

Ns-map.gif

History of the Peace Corps in Suriname

In 1994, the Peace Corps received a formal invitation from the Government of Suriname to establish a program in the country. It asked for the Peace Corps’ assistance in rural community development of the interior Amerindian and African/Maroon communities. The formal agreement between the United States and Suriname was signed in January 1995.

Peace Corps staff arrived in March 1995. The first two Volunteers—with two years of Volunteer experience in another country—arrived in August. In September 1995, the first training group, consisting of eight married couples, began the Peace Corps’ 12-week intensive pre-service training program (PST). Since then, a new group has arrived annually.

The Peace Corps/Suriname program has changed since its start in 1995. In 1998, Suriname welcomed the first single Volunteers into the program, and in 1999, Volunteers were placed for the first time in the capital to work with health agencies on health issues facing rural communities. Peace Corps/Suriname began using a community-based training model in 1999.

Peace Corps/Suriname collaborates directly with various Surinamese government agencies in assigning Volunteers to rural communities. In addition to the Ministry of Regional Development (RGD), the Peace Corps works with the Bureau of Public Health and the Ministries of Education, Health, and Natural Resources. Through memoranda of understanding, Peace Corps Volunteers in Suriname also have worked with organizations such as UNICEF, the Foundation for Education of the Moravian Church, the Medical Mission, and the World Wildlife Fund.

During the Peace Corps’ first five years in Suriname, Volunteers were assigned to the rural community development project, serving in most regions of the country. This project aimed to improve the quality of life in rural communities by assisting residents in assessing and prioritizing their needs, rebuilding and improving community infrastructure, accessing outside resources, increasing income-generation opportunities, and strengthening local women’s and youth groups. Peace Corps Volunteers facilitated the construction and renovation of schools and medical clinics as well as the creation of libraries. They helped villages develop clean water systems, latrines, after-school and during-school enrichment programs, and small enterprise development, including the installation of rice and cassava mills and bakeries. Villagers were empowered to develop proposals that successfully obtained funding from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), foundations, and banks and other financial institutions to finance village projects. More importantly, Volunteers helped develop the capacity of their communities and organizations to conduct organizational planning and project management beyond the Volunteers’ terms of service.

In 2006, Peace Corps, with the support of the government of Suriname, began two new projects: community health education (CHE) and micro-enterprise and tourism development (MED). The purpose of the CHE project is to improve the general health status of community members (men, women, boys and girls) in all targeted communities through health prevention education and capacity building in the areas of nutrition, water and sanitation, and HIV/AIDS.

The purpose of the MED project is to help the people of Suriname improve their lives by working with government and NGOs to transfer business knowledge, skills and abilities. The focus of the program is income generation, agri-business, and ecotourism.

Future of Peace Corps Programming in Suriname

Over the past few years, it has become evident that activities in the health and micro-enterprise sectors have brought the most satisfaction to Peace Corps Volunteers and made the greatest impact on the Surinamese people. Ninety percent of Volunteers serving in Suriname have participated in one or more activities involving non-formal education, health education and income-generation activities.

Volunteer activities in community health education include, but are not limited to:


More than 250 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Suriname, and 35 are currently serving in the country. Peace Corps/Suriname hopes to welcome approximately 24 new Volunteers in 2007, most of whom will be placed in rural or peri-urban communities.

Peace Corps/Suriname recruits both singles and couples. Married Volunteers are encouraged to draw upon special individual or combined technical skills they have to develop additional activities in areas such as environmental education, agriculture, health, and nutrition. Roughly 95 percent of the Volunteer population in Suriname is unmarried.

COUNTRY OVERVIEW: SURINAME AT A GLANCE

History

The first Europeans settled in Suriname in 1650, but most of them did not last long as conflicts with Indians and diseases decreased their numbers. The first English settlers were sent by Lord Willoughby, the governor of Barbados. Soon afterward, New Zealander Abraham Crijnsen invaded Willoughby’s settlement. The Dutch later gained control of Suriname as part of the Peace Treaty of Breda in 1667. (As part of the same treaty, the Dutch lost their colony in New York.)

After a troublesome period at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th centuries, agriculture flourished in Suriname during the first half of the 18th century. African slaves were brought in to work on the plantations, and they soon outnumbered the European settlers. Suriname became infamous in the Caribbean region in its poor treatment of slaves. Many slaves fled into the jungle. Known as Maroons, these escaped slaves often emerged from hiding to attack plantations and free other slaves.

In the 1850s, Dutch farmers from Groningen arrived in Suriname to start small farms. They imported Javanese laborers from Indonesia, but their attempt to establish the agricultural importance of Suriname was unsuccessful. Half of the Dutch farmers died within a year, and the Javanese laborers left the plantations after their five-year obligatory work period.

Slavery in Suriname came to an end in 1863. (The Dutch were the last Europeans to abolish slavery.) However, the slaves were not completely free from plantation work for 10 more years, although they did receive some form of payment during this period. When the former African slaves left the plantations in 1873, they were replaced by Hindustani laborers from India. Most came from around Calcutta. Like the Javanese, these indentured laborers were required to work on the plantations for a set time period, after which they could return to India or extend their contracts. About 37,000 Hindustanis were brought to Suriname. A movement led by Mahatma Gandhi stopped the flow in 1916.

In the first half of the 20th century, the exploration of Suriname’s natural resources began. Rubber, gold, and bauxite soon became important to the country’s economy. Alcoa, an American bauxite company, obtained a large claim in the interior of Suriname for a period of 40 years. Bauxite from Suralco, the Surinamese subsidiary of Alcoa, was probably Suriname’s most important contribution to the Allied forces during World War II. Aluminum made from bauxite was indispensable in constructing airplanes.

During the World War II German occupation of the Netherlands, Suriname was left to fend for itself. After the war, the political status of the Dutch colonies changed. Suriname began to acquire more autonomy. The country became an autonomous part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1954.

One of the legacies of Dutch control of Suriname was that they succeeded in keeping the different ethnic groups of the country apart. The results of this segregation can be seen in the major political parties that emerged in Suriname in the early 1950s. For example, the National Party of Suriname (now known as NPK) found support among the Creoles of African origin, and the Progressive Reform Party (VHP) consisted mainly of Hindustanis.

After the 1973 elections, the NPK-backed government began negotiating with the Netherlands over independence. Suriname became independent on November 25, 1975. As part of the negotiations, the Netherlands agreed to support the young country with economic aid for 10 years, providing 4 billion guilders. Johan Ferrier became the first president of the independent Suriname. Henk Arron was the first prime minister.

The years immediately following independence were not completely smooth. A military coup in 1980, the withdrawal of development aid by the Dutch, and high inflation rates have led to periods of political instability. Despite these challenges, democracy has prevailed in Suriname.

Government

The capital of the Republic of Suriname is Paramaribo. The country is divided into 10 administrative districts: Paramaribo, Commewijne, Marowijne, Nickerie, Coronie, Saramacca, Para, Wanica, Sipaliwini, and Brokopondo. Every district has a district commissioner, who is assisted by a district secretary and bestuur opzichters, who are government representatives of the communities in the district.

Suriname celebrates its independence from the Dutch on November 25, a national holiday. The legal system is based on the Dutch legal system, but incorporates French penal theory.

The executive branch of the government is made up of a president, vice president, and cabinet of ministers. The current president, Ronald Venetiaan, is considered both the chief of state and the head of government. The current vice president is Ram Sardjoe. Cabinet ministers are appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly.

The president and vice president are elected by the National Assembly. If either one does not receive a constitutional majority vote in the National Assembly after two rounds of voting, they are selected by the larger People’s Assembly (with 869 representatives from national, local, and regional councils). The president and vice president are elected for five-year terms. The next elections are scheduled in May 2010.

The legislative branch consists of a unicameral National Assembly with 51 seats, whose members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms.

Economy

The country has a strong agricultural base, producing rice, citrus fruits, sugar, and bananas. Shrimp fishing is both important and lucrative. The other main activities in this sector are livestock breeding and logging. Logging of Suriname’s vast jungle interior occurs under a contract awarded to a Malaysian company. It is controversial and the government has come under pressure from the international environmental community to restrict the quantity of trees harvested. Mining, mainly of bauxite, is the principal industrial operation. Commercial gold-mining operations are active in the interior. There are also thought to be substantial reserves of iron ore, manganese, copper, nickel, and platinum, as well as moderate onshore oil deposits. Apart from processing ores and food products, the industrial sector is largely devoted to the manufacture of cigarettes, beverages, and chemicals.

Foreign aid, especially from the Netherlands, has been essential to Suriname’s economy. Since 1993, this aid has been conditional on the introduction of economic reforms. The government of Suriname has been willing to implement all of the conditions. As a result, relations between the two governments have ebbed and flowed with proportional effects on the volume of aid from the Hague.

Suriname became a full member of the Caribbean trading bloc, CARICOM, in 1995. The country’s principal trading partners are the United States, the Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, and Brazil.

In January 2004 Suriname’s currency changed from the guilder (Sf) to the SRD (Surinamese dollar). One U.S. dollar is currently equal to SRD 2.75. There are several official money exchange offices (cambios) in Paramaribo. Their rates are usually several points higher than those at banks.

People and Culture

Suriname has a unique mix of people, consisting of 37 percent East Indians, locally known as Hindustani; 31 percent Creoles;

15.3 percent Javanese; 10.3 percent Maroons; 2.6 percent Amerindians; 1.7 percent Chinese; 1 percent Caucasians; and 1.1 percent other. The population, which is concentrated in the coastal zone, is estimated at 439,117 (July 2006 estimate). Dutch is the official language in Suriname, although for some ethnic groups (especially among the older generation), it is actually a second language. English is also widely spoken. Sranan Tongo, the native language of Creoles, is spoken by the younger Amerindian population, and is the lingua franca among others. Other languages spoken in Suriname include Javanese, Hindustani, Chinese, and the Maroon languages of Aucan, Saramaccan, Matawai, Saikiki, Kwinti, Paramaccan, and Aluku.

Environment

Suriname lies on the northern coast of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Guyana to the west, French Guiana to the east, and Brazil to the south.

The majority of Surinamese inhabit the Atlantic coastal region. The total area is 65,308 square miles (163,270 square kilometers), about the size of Florida.

The climate is tropical with high temperatures and humidity, moderated by trade winds. The geography is characterized mostly by tropical rain forest with a great diversity of flora and fauna. The main rainy season is from April to July, with a shorter one in December and January. Current environmental issues facing Suriname include deforestation (timber is cut for export) and pollution of inland waterways by gold-mining activities



RESOURCES FOR FURTHER INFORMATION

Following is a list of websites for additional information about the Peace Corps and Suriname and to connect you to returned Volunteers and other invitees. Please keep in mind that although we try to make sure all these links are active and current, we cannot guarantee it.

A note of caution: As you surf the Internet, be aware that you may find bulletin boards and chat rooms in which people are free to express opinions about the Peace Corps based on their own experience, including comments by those who were unhappy with their choice to serve in the Peace Corps. These opinions are not those of the Peace Corps or the U.S. government, and we hope you will keep in mind that no two people experience their service in the same way.

General Information About Suriname

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations
Visit this site for general travel advice about almost any country in the world.

http://www.state.gov
The U.S. State Department’s website issues background notes periodically about countries around the world. Find Suriname and learn more about its social and political history.

http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/official.htm
This site includes links to all the official sites for governments worldwide.

http://www.cyberschoolbus.un.org/infonation/info.asp
This United Nations site allows you to search for statistical information for member states of the U.N.

http://www.worldinformation.com
This site provides an additional source of current and historical information about countries worldwide.

http://www.lanic.utexas.edu
The site of the Latin American Network Information Center provides current news and resources on Latin America.

Connect With Returned Volunteers and Other Invitees

http://www.rpcv.org
This is the site of the National Peace Corps Association, made up of returned Volunteers. On this site, you can find links to all the Web pages of the “friends of” groups for most countries of service, made up of former Volunteers who served in those countries. There are also regional groups who frequently get together for social events and local Volunteer activities.

http://www.rpcvwebring.org
This site is known as the Returned Peace Corps Volunteer Web Ring. Browse the web ring and see what former Volunteers are saying about their service.

http://peacecorps.mtu.edu
Peace Corps Volunteers in the field and returned Volunteers who are affiliated with the Master’s International program at Michigan Tech make regular submissions to this site, including synopses of technical projects and links to technical resources that may be helpful to Volunteers in the field.

http://www.peacecorpswriters.org
This site is hosted by a group of returned Volunteer writers. It is a monthly online publication of essays and Volunteer accounts of their Peace Corps service.

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/pcsuriname
This site is hosted by RPCV’s from Suriname. It is used for trainees, returned, and current Volunteers of Peace Corps/Suriname to stay in touch and post announcements. (Permission to join group must be requested before access is granted.)

Online Articles/Current News Sites About Suriname

http://www.surinam.net
Site of the “Suriname Info Desk”

http://www.stinasu.sr
Site of the Foundation for Nature Conservation in Suriname

International Development Sites About Suriname

http://www.wwfguianas.org
Information about the World Wildlife Fund’s work in Suriname

http://www.conservation.org
Conservation International and their projects in Suriname

http://www.paho.org
Pan American Health Organization

http://www.unesco.org
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization


Recommended Books

  1. Hoefte, Rosemarijn. In Place of Slavery: A Social History of British Indian and Javanese Laborers in Suriname. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1998.
  2. Price, Richard. The Historical Vision of an Afro-American People. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983.
  3. Price, Sally. Co–Wives and Calabashes (Women and Culture Series, 2nd ed.). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993.
  4. Hoefte, Rosemarijn and Peter Meel (editors). Twentieth Century Suriname: Continuities and Discontinuities in a New World Society. Kingston; Jamaica, W.I.: Ian Randle Publishers, 2001.
  5. Suparlan, Parsudi. The Javanese in Suriname: Ethnicity in an Ethnically Plural Society. Tempe: Arizona State University Program for Southeast Asian Studies, 1995.

Books About the History of the Peace Corps

  1. Hoffman, Elizabeth Cobbs. All You Need is Love: The Peace Corps and the Spirit of the 1960’s. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000.
  2. Rice, Gerald T. The Bold Experiment: JFK’s Peace Corps. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1985.
  3. Stossel, Scott. Sarge: The Life and Times of Sargent Shriver. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2004.

Books on the Volunteer Experience

  1. Dirlam, Sharon. Beyond Siberia: Two Years in a Forgotten Place. Santa Barbara, Calif.: McSeas Books, 2004.
  2. Casebolt, Marjorie DeMoss. Margarita: A Guatemalan Peace Corps Experience. Gig Harbor, Wash.: Red Apple Publishing, 2000.
  3. Erdman, Sarah. Nine Hills to Nambonkaha: Two Years in the Heart of an African Village. New York, N.Y.: Picador, 2003.
  4. Hessler, Peter. River Town: Two Years on the Yangtze. New York, N.Y.: Perennial, 2001.
  5. Kennedy, Geraldine (ed.). From the Center of the Earth: Stories Out of the Peace Corps. Santa Monica, Calif.: Clover Park Press, 1991.
  6. Thompsen, Moritz. Living Poor: A Peace Corps Chronicle. Seattle, Wash.: University of Washington Press, 1997 (reprint).

LIVING CONDITIONS AND VOLUNTEER LIFESTYLE

Communications

Mail

Mail typically takes three weeks to a month to travel between the United States and Suriname by air. A package sent by surface mail can take up to six months to arrive.

Mail for Peace Corps/Suriname is received at a post office box in Paramaribo. During pre-service training, your mail will be picked up and delivered by staff to your training site once a week. Once training is completed, mail is picked up by Peace Corps staff at the central post office and distributed to Volunteers’ mailboxes in the Peace Corps office in Paramaribo. Volunteers are encouraged to establish networks in their communities to facilitate receiving mail directly at their sites. This may involve making arrangements with a teacher, counterpart, colleague, missionary, medical worker, or villager who travels to the capital regularly and agrees to pick up your mail for you. The alternative is to retrieve your mail from the Peace Corps office yourself.

Your mailing address will be:

Peace Corps/Suriname

“Your Name”

P.O. Box 9500

Paramaribo-Zuid, Suriname

South America


Mail can be sent from the central post office (Surpost) in Paramaribo, satellite post offices in districts, or a few stores in the capital. Packages to the United States can only be mailed from one post office located two kilometers from the Peace Corps office in Paramaribo.

Peace Corps regulations prohibit Volunteers from accepting gifts of property, money, or voluntary services directly. Such gifts can cause confusion about the role of the Volunteer, who might be perceived as a facilitator of goods and funds, rather than as a person who is working to build a community’s capacity to identify local resources. You are not permitted to solicit materials or funds for your community during your first six months at site so that you have time to integrate into the community and help members identify possible projects. To ensure that any request for funding or donations is appropriate for your project and your community, you must have prior authorization from your program manager and the country director.

The Peace Corps has a mechanism in place for you and the communities you work with to access U.S. private sector funds. The Peace Corps Partnership Program, administered by the Office of Private Sector Initiatives, can help you obtain financial support from corporations, foundations, civic groups, individuals, faith-based groups, and schools for projects approved by the Country Director. To learn more about the Partnership Program, call 800.424.8580, extension 2170, e-mail [email protected], or visit www.peacecorps.gov/ index.cfm?shell=resources.donors.volproj.

Telephones

Public telephones are available in the capital city and surrounding suburbs. To make a call from a land-line phone, you will need to purchase a telephone card. Telephone cards are readily available in small corner stores, at gas stations, and at any of the Telesur offices in Paramaribo. It is possible to place international calls using these cards.

Some villages in the interior of the country have telephone service, usually one phone at a local store that serves the entire village. Other villages have only high-frequency radios for communication. Because the possibilities of making calls from the interior are so limited, most Volunteers call home when they are in the capital.

Computer, Internet, and E-mail Access

Three computers are available for Volunteers’ project-related work at the Peace Corps office in Paramaribo. Volunteers have initiated a sign-up system to ensure that those who wish to use the computers have equal access.

Internet connections in Suriname are not as fast as what you may be used to in the United States. Connections are typically slower in the afternoon, when people leave work or school and head for one of the many Internet cafés in Paramaribo. Prices are reasonable ($1.50 to $2 per half-hour). Funds for Internet fees are included in your living allowance. Most Volunteers do not have Internet or e-mail access in their communities. Some Volunteers bring a laptop (or have it sent to them), however, it is not encouraged since not all sites in the interior have reliable electricity.

Housing and Site Location

Trainees are placed with a host family for most of pre-service training. After swearing-in as Volunteers, they typically live in their own homes within their communities. Volunteers are located at sites in the interior, in districts or in the capital.

The sites in the interior are along the Suriname and Marowijne rivers or in the savanna region. Interior villages often do not have running water or electricity, or have those services for a limited number of hours each day. Houses are rustic, consisting of a thatch or tin roof and wood-plank walls.

Because villages are asked to furnish housing for Volunteers, the size, condition, and style of housing can vary widely. A few sites are located in the southern part of the country. The houses in the far south generally have zinc roofs, running water, and electricity.

Some Volunteers are placed in District sites best characterized as small towns; or they may work in the capital city, Paramaribo. Volunteers living in these areas generally have access to running water and electricity day and night and other conveniences.

Living Allowance and Money Management

Volunteers receive a living allowance in the local currency (Suriname Dollars—SRD), which is deposited into a bank account in Paramaribo once every three months. Volunteers based outside of Paramaribo receive a transportation allowance, which pays for one trip to the capital per quarter. This allowance is also deposited into the bank account and is intended to cover one trip per quarter for Volunteers to come to the capital to take care of banking and other needs. Volunteers are responsible for the cost of additional trips. Volunteers who need to pay rent also receive a housing allowance.

It is important to manage your money so that it lasts for the entire three months. Setting up a system of budgeting will be important. The living allowance is determined by annual market surveys to ensure the amount is sufficient to meet basic expenses. In the interior, there is little to spend money on other than food and beverages. However, things tend to be more expensive in the interior, so most Volunteers buy a supply of food to take to their sites when they are visiting the capital. Transportation between interior sites can be expensive. All Volunteers receive three additional allowances: a monthly vacation allowance; a one-time settling-in allowance to cover the initial expenses of furnishing a house or room and purchasing basic supplies; and a readjustment allowance of $225 set aside by the U.S. government for each month of service. Available to Volunteers upon completion of service, this allowance permits returning Volunteers to resettle in the United States without undue burden.

Volunteers are expected to live within the means of the living allowance. Peace Corps discourages use of outside funds brought or sent from home as it prevents you from living at the same level as the people in your community. You may, however, want to bring a small amount of money for travel in Suriname and surrounding countries during your vacation time. Very few places in Suriname accept credit cards, and those that do only accept American Express, MasterCard or Visa; likewise, a few ATMs accept major credit cards. Bank fees between 1 percent and 5 percent are not uncommon when using a credit card in Suriname.

Food and Diet

Because of the diversity of cultures represented in Suriname, there is a variety of food options. In rural villages, rice is a staple of the diet. Meals usually consist of a large quantity of rice served with a small piece of meat and a small serving of vegetables. Most people in the interior also grow their own cassavas and other vegetables to sell at markets. Volunteers are encouraged to plant their own gardens for a steady supply of fresh vegetables.

Vegetarians can maintain a healthy diet in Suriname. Adequate levels of protein are available locally in texturized vegetable protein products, and in a variety of beans, lentils, and nuts. Many vegetarians find that the greatest difficulty lies in explaining vegetarianism to members of their community, where meat is highly valued and served at many social gatherings.

Learning to prepare local cuisine can be rewarding. Suriname has many of the spices and ingredients needed to prepare the foods you are accustomed to in the United States. Chinese, Indonesian, Creole, Indian, and American food is available at restaurants in the capital.

Transportation

Most Surinamese in the city and district use public transportation, usually small buses that accommodate 15 to 26 people. These buses run on regular routes and are regulated by the government. Each route has a name or number and an established fare (generally 1 SRD to 2 SRD). After 9 p.m., fares increase and some routes are not available. Most Volunteers rely on buses. There are also several reputable taxi companies.

Roads to the interior are dirt and bauxite and receive little maintenance. During the rainy seasons, mud holes and erosion are common. In the dry seasons, roads become dusty washboards. Travel on rural roads can be rough, to say the least.

Most Volunteers make a portion of the journey to their sites in mini-vans or “DAF trucks.” DAF trucks are essentially semitrailers filled with old airline seats or wooden benches. The ride is rarely comfortable, and the trucks are typically filled to capacity with people and their cargo. Some Volunteers must then transfer to a dugout canoe or a small airplane from the DAF truck to reach their site. The average travel time from the capital to a Volunteer’s site is about six hours. For some, travel time may be twice that.

Peace Corps Volunteers are not permitted to operate any motorized vehicles or ride on the back of motorcycles or mopeds.

Part of the Volunteer settling-in allowance may be used to buy a locally appropriate form of transportation, whether that be a bicycle or a dugout canoe. Volunteers who purchase bicycles are given funds to buy bicycle helmets. Life vests are issued to those using boats for transportation. Helmets must be worn when riding a bicycle; a life vest must be worn whenever traveling on any waterway.

Geography and Climate

Suriname is in the tropics, and much of the country is covered in rainforest. Sites located in the savanna region are drier, but still experience high humidity. The average temperature is 90 degrees Fahrenheit with 80 percent humidity. During the dry seasons, temperatures climb higher and rain may not fall for up to three months. The rainy seasons provide a brief respite from the heat and bring a lot of moisture. Clothing is subject to mildew in the rainy seasons. The country’s red clay soil and mud from the roads will stain clothes.

Social Activities

Establishing relationships with members of your community is vital for almost every aspect of life as a Volunteer. Not only will you feel more connected, but the more community contact you have, the easier it will be to access information and resources to develop projects. Birthdays and local holidays are celebrated with food, dancing, and sometimes fireworks. Work parties provide social interaction, as does involvement in the daily activities of life. Men hunt and fish in small groups and work together on their farms. Women may share daily chores and wash together at the river.

In the capital, Volunteers enjoy spending time with their counterparts or fellow Volunteers at restaurants, pubs, or one of the few dance clubs. Nightlife is generally safe in groups.

Professionalism, Dress, and Behavior

It is important for Volunteers to maintain a professional image within their communities and in the capital. The behavior of Volunteers reflects not only on the Peace Corps program and other Volunteers in Suriname but also on North Americans in general. Each Volunteer’s interaction with the public has an effect on current and future Volunteers in Suriname and helps to shape perceptions of North Americans. Professional attire is also required when coming to the Peace Corps office.


The people of Suriname are generally friendly. Greetings are very important. Handshakes are appropriate for both men and women. In some settings, one is expected to greet each person at the gathering. When meeting someone for the first time, handshakes and names are exchanged, surname first. You will receive more information on Surinamese cultural norms during training.

Personal Safety

Information about the Peace Corps’ approach to safety is contained in the Health Care and Safety chapter. These issues cannot be overemphasized. As stated in the Volunteer Handbook, becoming a Peace Corps Volunteer entails certain safety risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment (oftentimes alone), having a limited understanding of local language and culture, and being perceived as rich or well-off are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk. Many Volunteers experience varying degrees of unwanted attention and harassment. Petty thefts and burglaries are not uncommon, and incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur. The Peace Corps has established procedures and policies designed to help Volunteers reduce their risks and enhance their safety and security. These procedures and policies, in addition to safety training, will be provided once you arrive in Suriname. At the same time, you are expected to take primary responsibility for your own safety and well-being.

Rewards and Frustrations

The lack of infrastructure in Suriname, as in many developing countries, can cause frustration with travel, communications, and Volunteers’ ability to help their community complete tasks quickly. The pace of life in Suriname is slower than what you may be used to in the U.S. People do not follow strict times for meetings or gatherings. Functions may be canceled because of rain or some other seemingly minor reason. In Maroon communities, where people live close together, privacy is not a strong value. People here have a different sense of personal space and think nothing of touching what you may consider your personal belongings. In Amerindian villages, you may have more personal space and privacy, but you may also experience feelings of isolation. Houses are farther apart, and there is less emphasis on visiting daily with other members of the community. Members of both cultures are quick to observe physical characteristics and comment on them. Volunteers sometimes are the subject of comments such as, “You got fat!” or “You have a big butt!” In most cases, these comments are meant as a complement! Overall, Americans are well-received, but they are automatically viewed as wealthy. It is not uncommon to be asked for one’s possessions. All of these things can take a physical and emotional toll on Volunteers. On the other hand, Peace Corps Volunteers learn more about the local cultures than most other outsiders do. They also learn about themselves and their own culture. Being accepted into a community and culture, learning about differences, discovering commonalities, and sharing your knowledge while you learn from them make the frustrations worth it.

Peace Corps service offers you opportunities you may never find elsewhere. You are likely to leave the Peace Corps a stronger person than you ever thought you could be.


TRAINING

Overview of Pre-Service Training

Pre-service training (PST) consists of 12 weeks of intensive in-country training in five major areas: language (in Dutch, Sranan Tongo, Saramaccan, or Aucan), cross-cultural adaptation, technical skills, health, safety and security, and administration. Peace Corps/Suriname uses a community-based training (CBT) model. This means that most of your learning will take place at the community level and is experientially based. For most of the 12 weeks, you will stay with a Surinamese host family—sharing meals, language, and other experiences which provide an important opportunity for you to work on cultural understanding and adaptation. At least once a week you will return to a central training site to share experiences with other trainees, listen to guest speakers, and coordinate various training activities.

Host families are carefully chosen by the training staff based on suggestions from current Peace Corps Volunteers. The families are carefully screened by the Peace Corps medical officer (PCMO) and the safety and security coordinator (SSC). Some of the families live within walking distance of the training site; others require the use of public transportation to reach the site. Most homes have electricity and running water (tap points). Since some people in these communities sleep in hammocks, it is possible you may sleep in one. PST staff is available to support you during this homestay. Staff members are important resources to help you process your experiences in cultural understanding and integration.

Trainees are divided into two or three small groups or communities at a community-based training site. The site placement is based on the language you will need during your assignment. The language and technical trainers assigned to each training site conduct formal classes and support you in completing self-directed, community-based projects and activities. Although you will spend much of your time in language classes, you will also have classes on cross-cultural, technical, community development, and health and safety topics. Assignments and projects in the community will provide trainees with experiential learning based on the content of the classes.

In addition to community-based activities, you will join your full training group at a central location for certain general sessions such as medical, safety, and administration. These sessions also give you time to reconnect with your group and share experiences. Toward the end of PST, you will also have the opportunity to meet with your counterpart or community partner at a two-day conference. Together, you will discuss the relationship between the Peace Corps Volunteer and the community, the expectations of the host agency, and the skills and experiences you bring to the assignment. You will also develop a work plan to guide your first three months at site.

Another important aspect of pre-service training is assessment, a process that continues throughout Peace Corps service. During training, you will evaluate yourself and be assessed by training staff. The goal of assessment is to provide specific feedback concerning your progress in relation to the pre-service training competencies for effective Volunteer service.

Trainees’ performance is evaluated in all five major areas of pre-service training. In addition to meeting the required competencies, you must demonstrate personal behaviors that positively reflect and support the goals and image of the Peace Corps in Suriname. As part of the assessment process, you will also complete a self-evaluation on personal attributes, such as taking initiative, motivation, cultural and social sensitivity, responsibility, flexibility, and emotional maturity. This process encourages you to reflect on your original motivation for joining the Peace Corps and on your current level of commitment so that by the time you are asked to swear-in as a Volunteer, you are making an informed, serious decision that will sustain you through two years of service.

Technical Training

Technical training prepares you to work in Suriname by building on the skills you have and by helping you develop new skills needed to be an effective development worker. The Peace Corps staff, Surinamese nationals, and other Volunteers will conduct the training program. Training places great emphasis on learning how to transfer the skills you have to the community in which you will serve as a Volunteer.

Technical training includes sessions on the economic and political environment in Suriname and strategies for working within such a framework. You will review your technical sector’s goals and will meet with the Surinamese agencies and organizations that invited the Peace Corps to assist them.

Language Training

As a Peace Corps Volunteer, you will find that language skills are the key to personal and professional satisfaction during your service. These skills are critical to your job performance. They help you integrate into your host community, and they can ease your personal adaptation to the new surroundings. Therefore, language training is the heart of the training program. You must meet minimum language standards to complete training and become a Volunteer. Experienced Surinamese language instructors teach formal language classes five days a week in small groups of four to five people. Additional help and tutoring is provided to trainees who need more support in learing the language.

In addition to classroom time, you will be given assignments to work on outside of the classroom and with your host family. The goal is for you to a acquire a basic foundation so that you can continue to develop language skills once you are at your site. Prior to being sworn-in as a Volunteer, you will work on strategies for ongoing language learning during your service.

Cross-Cultural Training

During most of your training, you will live with a Surinamese host family. This experience is designed to ease your transition to life at your site. Host families go through an orientation conducted by Peace Corps staff to explain Peace Corps’ mission and goals, their role in your training and how they can support you in adapting to life in Suriname. This experience is a rich, rewarding learning opportunity. Many Volunteers form strong and lasting friendships with their host families.

Cross-cultural and community development training will help you improve your communication skills and understand your role as a facilitator of development. You will learn community development tools and techniques, project planning, monitoring and reporting, conflict resolution, gender and development, and Suriname political structures.

Health and Wellness Training

During pre-service training, you will be given basic medical training and information. You will be expected to practice preventive healthcare and to take responsibility for your own health by adhering to all medical policies. Trainees are required to attend all medical sessions. The topics include preventive health measures and minor and major medical issues that you might encounter while in Suriname. Nutrition, mental health, safety and security, setting up a safe living compound, and how to avoid contracting HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also covered.

Safety and Security Training

During the safety and security training sessions, you will learn how to adopt a lifestyle that reduces your risks at home, at work, and during your travels. You will also learn appropriate, effective strategies for coping with unwanted attention and about your individual responsibility for promoting safety throughout your service.

Additional Trainings During Volunteer Service

Peace Corps is committed to ongoing quality training throughout Volunteer service. Peace Corps has implemented a training system that provides Volunteers with continual opportunities to examine their commitment to Peace Corps service while increasing their technical and cross-cultural skills.

During your service, there are usually three training events. The titles and objectives for those trainings are as follows:

The number, length, and design of these trainings are adapted to Suriname-specific needs and conditions. The key to the training system is that training events are integrated and interrelated, from the pre-departure orientation at staging through the end of your service, and are planned, implemented, and evaluated cooperatively by Peace Corps headquarters, local Peace Corps staff and trainers, and Volunteers.


YOUR HEALTH CARE AND SAFETY IN SURINAME

The Peace Corps’ highest priority is maintaining the good health and safety of every Volunteer. Peace Corps medical programs emphasize the preventive, rather than the curative, approach to disease. The Peace Corps in Suriname maintains a clinic with a full-time medical officer and a medical assistant who support Volunteers’ primary healthcare needs. Additional medical services, such as testing and basic treatment, are available at local hospitals that meet American standards. If you become seriously ill, you will be transported either to Panama or to the United States.

Health Issues in Suriname

Suriname has a tropical climate, which, more than likely, is vastly different from the climate where you live. Skin infections, for example, are common and easily worsen in Suriname’s climate. Because of this, you must wash your hands and feet often. Dermatitis, skin abscesses, fungus infections, diarrhea (of many types and of varying severity), common colds, bronchitis, sore throats, and earaches are common medical problems among Volunteers in Suriname. Most Volunteer illnesses can be treated in-country.

If your site is in the interior of Suriname, a malaria-endemic area, you will take mefloquine as a malaria prophylaxis. Mefloquine has been shown to be the most effective and practical drug for preventing malaria in areas with significant chloroquine resistance, but it is not foolproof. Therefore, you will need to use protective clothing, insect repellent, and a mosquito net (provided by Peace Corps/Suriname)

as well. For Volunteers who are not able to use mefloquine, doxycycline is recommended. Although Malarone has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use as a malaria prophylaxis, it is recommended only for Volunteers who have a contraindication for, or intolerance to, both mefloquine and doxycycline. Volunteers must continue prophylaxis medication for the duration of their stay in a malarial area. Failure to do so may result in administrative separation from the Peace Corps.

Accidents associated with transportation are a serious concern in Suriname. You must wear a helmet when riding a bicycle, and you should wear a seat belt when riding in motor vehicles that have them. You are not allowed to drive a motorized vehicle and are not allowed to drive or ride on the back of a motorcycle under any circumstance. You must always wear a life jacket (provided by the Peace Corps) on boat trips.

Eating a balanced diet and drinking a lot of fluids go a long way in maintaining your health. This takes planning and creativity. Volunteers in small villages often deal with dehydration, which makes any other health problems worse.

Dentists are available only in Paramaribo, which may be far from your site. You will need to take great care in protecting your teeth by brushing and flossing daily. And remember to watch for stones in rice!

Helping You Stay Healthy

Peace Corps provides you with all the necessary inoculations, medications, and information to stay healthy. Upon your arrival in Suriname, you will receive a medical handbook. At the end of training, you will receive a medical kit with supplies to take care of mild illnesses and first-aid needs. The contents of the kit are listed later in this chapter.

During PST, you have access to basic medical supplies through the medical officer. However, you will be responsible for your own supply of prescription drugs and any other specific medical supplies you require, as the Peace Corps will not order these items during training. Please bring a three-month supply of any prescription drugs you use, since they may not be available here, and it may take several months for shipments to arrive. You might want to consider switching from name brand to generic drugs before you arrive, as the Peace Corps medical officer may not be able to purchase certain name-brand prescriptions. Be advised that the medical office does not carry every type of birth control pill.

You will have physicals at midservice and at the end of your service. If you develop a serious medical problem during your service, the medical officer in Suriname will consult with the Office of Medical Services in Washington, D.C. If it is determined that your condition cannot be cared for in Suriname, you may be sent out of the country for further evaluation and care.

Maintaining Your Health

As a Volunteer, you must accept a certain amount of responsibility for your own health. Proper precautions significantly reduce your risk of serious illness or injury. The adage “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” becomes extremely important in areas where diagnostic and treatment facilities are not up to the standards of the United States. The most important of your responsibilities in Suriname is to take the following preventive measures:

Food and Water Precautions.

Many illnesses that afflict Volunteers worldwide are entirely preventable if proper food and water precautions are taken. These diseases include food poisoning, parasitic infections, hepatitis A, dysentery, tapeworms, and typhoid fever. While water in Suriname’s capital is safe to drink, you will probably have to treat your drinking water at your site using a filter, by boiling it, or by adding iodine or chlorine bleach. In addition, it is advisable to play it safe by not eating street foods when you first arrive, to give yourself time to adjust to the local bacteria. Your medical officer will discuss specific standards for water and food preparation in Suriname during pre-service training.

Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS. Abstinence is the only certain choice for prevention of HIV/AIDS and other STIs. You are taking risks if you choose to be sexually active. To lessen risk, use a condom every time you have sex. Whether your partner is a host country citizen, a fellow Volunteer, or anyone else, do not assume this person is free of HIV or other STIs. You will receive more information from your medical officer about this important issue.

Birth Control. Volunteers are expected to adhere to an effective means of birth control to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. Your medical officer can help you decide on the most appropriate method to suit your individual needs. Contraceptive methods are available without charge from the medical officer.

Prompt Reporting. Finally, it is critical to your health that you promptly report to the medical office or other designated facility for scheduled immunizations, and that you let the medical officer know immediately of significant illnesses or injuries.

Women’s Health Information

Pregnancy is treated in the same manner as other Volunteer health conditions that require medical attention but also have programmatic ramifications. The Peace Corps is responsible for determining the medical risk and the availability of appropriate medical care if the Volunteer becomes pregnant and remains in-country. Given the circumstances under which Volunteers live and work in Peace Corps countries, it is rare that the Peace Corps’ medical and programmatic standards for continued service during pregnancy can be met.

If feminine hygiene products are not available for you to purchase on the local market, the Peace Corps medical officer in Suriname will provide them. If you require a specific feminine hygiene product, please bring a three-month supply with you.

Your Peace Corps Medical Kit

The Peace Corps medical officer provides Volunteers with a medical kit that contains basic items necessary to prevent and treat illnesses that may occur during service. Kit items can be periodically restocked at the medical office.

Medical Kit Contents

Ace bandages
Adhesive tape
American Red Cross First Aid & Safety Handbook
Antacid tablets
Antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin/Neomycin/Polymycin B)
Antiseptic antimicrobial skin cleaner (Hibiclens)
Aquatabs (for water purification)
Aspirin, Acetaminophen 500 mg
Band-Aids
Benadryl
Butterfly closures
Clotrimazole cream 1% (antifungal cream)
Condoms
Decongestant (nasal and sinus; Sudanyl; non-drowsy, sugar free)
Dental floss
Diphenhydramine HCL 25 mg (Benadryl)
Gloves (two- pairs)
Ibuprofen 200mg
Insect repellent stick
Lip balm (Chapstick)
Maximum strength hydrocortisone anti-itch cream (1%)
Oral rehydration salts
Oral thermometer (Fahrenheit)
Menthol eucalyptus (for coughs)
Scissors
Sepasoothe throat lozenges
Sterile gauze pads
Sterile eye wash
Sunscreen lotion (SPF 30+)
Tweezers
Whistle

Before You Leave: A Medical Checklist

If there has been any change in your health—physical, mental, or dental—since you submitted your examination reports to the Peace Corps, you must immediately notify the Office of Medical Services. Failure to disclose new illnesses, injuries, allergies, or pregnancy can endanger your health and may jeopardize your eligibility to serve.

If your dental exam was done more than a year ago, or if your physical exam is more than two years old, contact the Office of Medical Services to find out whether you need to update your records. If your dentist or Peace Corps dental consultant has recommended that you undergo dental treatment or repair, you must complete that work and make sure your dentist sends requested confirmation reports or X-rays to the Office of Medical Services.

If you wish to avoid having duplicate vaccinations, contact your physician’s office to obtain a copy of your immunization record, and bring it to Suriname. If you have any immunizations prior to Peace Corps service, the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for the cost. The Peace Corps will provide all the immunizations necessary for your overseas assignment shortly after you arrive in Suriname. You do not need to begin taking malaria medication prior to departure.

Bring a three-month supply of any prescription or over-thecounter medication you use on a regular basis, including birth control pills. Although the Peace Corps cannot reimburse you for this three-month supply, it will order refills during your service. While awaiting shipment—which can take several months—you will be dependent on your own medication supply. The Peace Corps will not pay for herbal or nonprescribed medications, such as St. John’s wort, glucosamine, selenium, or antioxidant supplements.

You are encouraged to bring copies of medical prescriptions signed by your physician. This is not a requirement, but they are helpful if you are questioned in transit about carrying a three-month supply of prescription drugs.

If you wear eyeglasses, bring two pairs with you—a pair you will use and a spare. If the first pair breaks, the Peace Corps will replace it, using the information your doctor in the United States provided on the eyeglasses form during your examination. The Peace Corps discourages you from using contact lenses during your service to reduce your risk of developing a serious infection or other eye disease. Most Peace Corps countries do not have appropriate water and sanitation to support eye care with the use of contact lenses. The Peace Corps will not supply or replace contact lenses or associated solutions unless an ophthalmologist has recommended their use for a specific medical condition and the Peace Corps’ Office of Medical Services has given approval.

If you are eligible for Medicare, are over 50 years of age, or have a health condition that may restrict your future participation in healthcare plans, you may wish to consult an insurance specialist about unique coverage needs before your departure. The Peace Corps will provide all necessary healthcare from the time you leave for your pre-departure orientation until you complete your service. When you finish, you will be entitled to the post-service healthcare benefits described in the Peace Corps Volunteer Handbook. You may wish to consider keeping an existing health plan in effect during your service if you think age or preexisting conditions might prevent you from reenrolling in your current plan when you return home.

Safety and Security—Our Partnership

Serving as a Volunteer overseas entails certain safety and security risks. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, a limited understanding of the local language and culture, and the perception of being a wealthy American are some of the factors that can put a Volunteer at risk. Property thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. Incidents of physical and sexual assault do occur, although almost all Volunteers complete their two years of service without serious personal safety problems. In addition, more than 84 percent of Volunteers surveyed in the 2004 Peace Corps Volunteer Survey say they would join the Peace Corps again.

The Peace Corps approaches safety and security as a partnership with you. This Welcome Book contains sections on: Living Conditions and Volunteer Lifestyle; Peace Corps Training; and Your Health Care and Safety. All of these sections include important safety and security information.

The Peace Corps makes every effort to give Volunteers the tools they need to function in the safest and most secure way possible, because working to maximize the safety and security of Volunteers is our highest priority. Not only do we provide you with training and tools to prepare for the unexpected, but we teach you to identify and manage the risks you may encounter.

Factors that Contribute to Volunteer Risk

There are several factors that can heighten a Volunteer’s risk, many of which are within the Volunteer’s control.

Based on information gathered from incident reports worldwide in 2004, the following factors stand out as risk characteristics for assaults. Assaults consist of personal crimes committed against Volunteers, and do not include property crimes (such as vandalism or theft).


Summary Strategies to Reduce Risk

Before and during service, your training will address these areas of concern so that you can reduce the risks you face.

For example, here are some strategies Volunteers employ:

Strategies to reduce the risk/impact of theft:


Support from Staff

In March 2003, the Peace Corps created the Office of Safety and Security with its mission to “foster improved communication, coordination, oversight, and accountability of all Peace Corps’ safety and security efforts.” The new office is led by an Associate Director for Safety and Security who reports to the Peace Corps Director and includes the following divisions: Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security; Information and Personnel Security; Emergency Preparedness, Plans, Training and Exercise; and Crime Statistics and Analysis.

The major responsibilities of the Volunteer Safety and Overseas Security Division are to coordinate the office’s overseas operations and direct the Peace Corps’ safety and security officers who are located in various regions around the world that have Peace Corps programs. The safety and security officers conduct security assessments; review safety trainings; train trainers and managers; train Volunteer safety wardens, local guards, and staff; develop security incident response procedures; and provide crisis management support.

If a trainee or Volunteer is the victim of a safety incident, Peace Corps staff is prepared to provide support. All Peace Corps posts have procedures in place to respond to incidents of crime committed against Volunteers. The first priority for all posts in the aftermath of an incident is to ensure that the Volunteer is safe and receiving medical treatment as needed. After assuring the safety of the Volunteer, Peace Corps staff provides support by reassessing the Volunteer’s work site and housing arrangements and making any adjustments, as needed.

In some cases, the nature of the incident may necessitate a site or housing transfer. Peace Corps staff will also assist Volunteers with preserving their rights to pursue legal sanctions against the perpetrators of the crime. It is very important that Volunteers report incidents as they occur, not only to protect their peer Volunteers, but also to preserve the future right to prosecute. Should Volunteers decide later in the process that they want to proceed with the prosecution of their assailant, this option may no longer exist if the evidence of the event has not been preserved at the time of the incident.

The country-specific data chart below shows the incidence rates and the average number of incidents of the major types of safety incidents reported by Peace Corps Volunteers/ trainees in Suriname as compared to all other Inter-America and Pacific (IAP) region programs as a whole, from 2001– 2005. It is presented to you in a somewhat technical manner for statistical accuracy. To fully appreciate the collected data below, an explanation of the graph is provided as follows:

The incidence rate for each type of crime is the number of crime events relative to the Volunteer/trainee population. It is expressed on the chart as a ratio of crime to Volunteer and trainee years (or V/T years, which is a measure of 12 full months of V/T service) to allow for a statistically valid way to compare crime data across countries. An “incident” is a specific offense, per Peace Corps' classification of offenses, and may involve one or more Volunteer/trainee victims. For example, if two Volunteers are robbed at the same time and place, this is classified as one robbery incident.

The chart is separated into eight crime categories. These include vandalism (malicious defacement or damage of property); theft (taking without force or illegal entry); burglary (forcible entry of a residence); robbery (taking something by force); minor physical assault (attacking without a weapon with minor injuries); minor sexual assault (fondling, groping, etc.); aggravated assault (attacking with a weapon, and/or without a weapon when serious injury results); and rape (sexual intercourse without consent).

When anticipating Peace Corps Volunteer service, you should review all of the safety and security information provided to you, including the strategies to reduce risk. Throughout your training and Volunteer service, you will be expected to successfully complete all training competencies in a variety of areas including safety and security. Once in-country, use the tools and information shared with you to remain as safe and secure as possible.

What if you become a victim of a violent crime?

Few Peace Corps Volunteers are victims of violent crimes. The Peace Corps will give you information and training in how to be safe. But, just as in the U.S., crime happens, and Volunteers can become victims. When this happens, the investigative team of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) is charged with helping pursue prosecution of those who perpetrate a violent crime against a Volunteer. If you become a victim of a violent crime, the decision to prosecute or not to prosecute is entirely yours, and one of the tasks of the OIG is to make sure that you are fully informed of your options and help you through the process and procedures involved in going forward with prosecution should you wish to do so. If you decide to prosecute, we are here to assist you in every way we can.

Crimes that occur overseas, of course, are investigated and prosecuted by local authorities in local courts. Our role is to coordinate the investigation and evidence collection with the regional security officers (RSOs) at the U.S. embassy, local police, and local prosecutors and others to ensure that your rights are protected to the fullest extent possible under the laws of the country. OIG investigative staff has extensive experience in criminal investigation, in working sensitively with victims, and as advocates for victims. We also, may, in certain limited circumstances, arrange for the retention of a local lawyer to assist the local public prosecutor in making the case against the individual who perpetrated the violent crime.

If you do become a victim of a violent crime, first, make sure you are in a safe place and with people you trust and second, contact the country director or the Peace Corps medical officer. Immediate reporting is important to the preservation of evidence and the chances of apprehending the suspect. Country directors and medical officers are required to report all violent crimes to the Inspector General and the RSO. This information is protected from unauthorized further disclosure by the Privacy Act. Reporting the crime also helps prevent your further victimization and protects your fellow Volunteers.

In conjunction with the RSO, the OIG does a preliminary investigation of all violent crimes against Volunteers regardless of whether the crime has been reported to local authorities or of the decision you may ultimately make to prosecute. If you are a victim of a crime, our staff will work with you through final disposition of the case. OIG staff is available 24 hours-aday, 7 days-a-week. We may be contacted through our 24-hour violent crime hotline via telephone at 202.692.2911, or by e-mail at [email protected]

Security Issues in Suriname

When it comes to your safety and security in the Peace Corps, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle to minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Suriname. You can reduce your risk by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking precautions. Crime at the village or town level is less frequent than in the large cities because people know each other and generally will not steal from their neighbors. Tourist attractions in large towns, for instance, are favorite work sites for pickpockets.

Staying Safe: Don’t Be a Target for Crime

You must be prepared to take on a large degree of responsibility for your own safety. Only you can make yourself less of a target, ensure that your house is secure, and develop relationships in your community that will make you an unlikely victim of crime. In coming to Suriname, do what you would do if you moved to a new city in the United States: Be cautious, check things out, ask questions, learn about your neighborhood, know where the more risky locations are, use common sense, and be aware. You can reduce your vulnerability to crime by integrating into your community, learning the local language, acting responsibly, and abiding by Peace Corps policies and procedures. Serving safely and effectively in Suriname may require that you accept some restrictions on your current lifestyle.

Volunteers attract a lot of attention both in large cities and at their sites, but they are likely to receive more negative attention in highly populated centers than at their sites, where “family,” friends, and colleagues look out for them. While whistles and exclamations are fairly common on the street, this behavior can be reduced if you dress conservatively, avoid eye contact, and do not respond to unwanted attention. In addition, keep your money out of sight by using an undergarment money pouch, the kind that hangs around your neck and stays hidden under your shirt or inside your coat. Do not keep your money in outside pockets of backpacks, in coat pockets, or in fanny packs. Always walk with a companion at night.

Preparing for the Unexpected: Safety Training and Volunteer Support in Suriname

The Peace Corps’ approach to safety is a five-pronged plan to help you stay safe during your two-year service and includes the following: information sharing, Volunteer training, site selection criteria, a detailed emergency action plan, and protocols for addressing safety and security incidents. Suriname’s in-country safety program is outlined below.

The Peace Corps/Suriname office will keep you informed of any issues that may impact Volunteer safety through information sharing. Regular updates will be offered in newsletters and in memoranda from the country director. In the event of a critical situation or emergency, you will be contacted through the emergency communication network. You will also participate in an annual emergency action plan (EAP) drill.

Volunteer training will include sessions to prepare you for specific safety and security issues in Suriname. This training will prepare you to adopt a culturally appropriate lifestyle and exercise judgment that promotes safety and reduces risk in your home, at work, and while traveling. Safety training is offered throughout service and is integrated into the language, cross-cultural, health, and other components of training.

Certain site selection criteria are used to determine safe housing for Volunteers before their arrival. The Peace Corps staff works closely with host communities and counterpart agencies to help prepare them for a Volunteer’s arrival and to establish expectations of their respective roles in supporting the Volunteer. Each site is inspected before the Volunteer’s arrival to ensure placement in appropriate, safe, and secure housing and work sites. Site selection is based in part on any relevant site history; access to services such as medical, banking, postal, and other essential services; availability of communications, transportation, and markets; housing options and living arrangements; and other Volunteer support needs.

You will also learn about Peace Corps/Suriname’s detailed EAP, which is implemented in the event of civil or political unrest or a natural disaster. When you arrive at your site, you will complete and submit a site locator form with your address, contact information, and a map to your house. If there is a security threat, you will gather with other Volunteers in Suriname at predetermined locations until the situation is resolved or the Peace Corps decides to evacuate.

Finally, in order for the Peace Corps to be fully responsive to the needs of Volunteers, it is imperative that Volunteers immediately report any security incident to their program manager. Peace Corps has established protocols for addressing safety and security incidents in a timely and appropriate manner, and it collects and evaluates safety and security data to track trends and develop strategies to minimize risks to future Volunteers.


DIVERSITY AND CROSSCULTURAL ISSUES

In fulfilling its mandate to share the face of America with host countries, the Peace Corps is making special efforts to see that all of America’s richness is reflected in the Volunteer corps. More Americans of color are serving in today’s Peace Corps than at any time in recent years. Differences in race, ethnic background, age, religion, and sexual orientation are expected and welcomed among our Volunteers. Part of the Peace Corps’ mission is to help dispel any notion that Americans are all of one origin or race and to establish that each of us is as thoroughly American as the other despite our many differences.

Our diversity helps us accomplish that goal. In other ways, however, it poses challenges. In Suriname, as in other Peace Corps host countries, Volunteers’ behavior, lifestyle, background, and beliefs are judged in a cultural context very different from their own. Certain personal perspectives or characteristics commonly accepted in the United States may be quite uncommon, unacceptable, or even repressed in Suriname.

Outside of Suriname’s capital, residents of rural communities have had relatively little direct exposure to cultures and lifestyles of people from other countries. What people view as typical North American behavior or norms may be a misconception, such as the belief that all Americans are rich and have blond hair and blue eyes. The people of Suriname are justly known for their generous hospitality to foreigners; however, members of the community in which you will live may display a range of reactions to cultural differences that you present.


To ease the transition and adapt to life in Suriname, you may need to make some temporary, yet fundamental compromises in how you present yourself as an American and as an individual. For example, female trainees and Volunteers may not be able to exercise the independence available to them in the United States; political discussions need to be handled with great care; and some of your personal beliefs may best remain undisclosed. You will need to develop techniques and personal strategies for coping with these and other limitations. The Peace Corps staff will lead diversity and sensitivity discussions during pre-service training and will be on call to provide support, but the challenge ultimately will be your own.

Overview of Diversity in Suriname

The Peace Corps staff in Suriname recognizes the adjustment issues that come with diversity and will endeavor to provide support and guidance. During pre-service training, several sessions will be held to discuss diversity and coping mechanisms. We look forward to having male and female Volunteers from a variety of races, ethnic groups, ages, religions, and sexual orientations, and hope that you will become part of a diverse group of Americans who take pride in supporting one another and demonstrating the richness of American culture.

hat Might a Volunteer Face?

Possible Issues for Female Volunteers

Women in Suriname generally have traditional roles. Especially in rural areas, they do most of the work in the fields, run the household, prepare meals, clean, and rear the children. Men are dominant, which means they are expected to smoke, drink, pursue women, be strong, and discipline their wives and children. In Maroon cultures, it is acceptable for men to have more than one wife. Gender roles, particularly those for women, will be quite apparent in the day-to-day life of your village. Your community will expect you to operate within these roles.

In Paramaribo, it is not uncommon for women to receive stares, comments, and offers of dates or sex on the street and in other situations. Caucasian women are obvious targets because they are so visible and have a reputation for being liberal in male-female relationships. The Peace Corps recognizes the challenges these situations present for female Volunteers in Suriname and will suggest ways to handle the situations during pre-service training.

Possible Issues for Volunteers of Color

As the country’s population consists of several different ethnic groups, the Surinamese have a high tolerance and acceptance of other cultures. This does not mean that people will not be curious about your background and any visual differences.

Most Volunteers in the Peace Corps/Suriname program have been Caucasian. Because of the variety of ethnic groups represented in Suriname, African Americans, Asian Americans, or Hispanic Americans may be seen as Surinamese. In some cases, this can be a benefit, but it can also be a source of cultural misunderstandings. Volunteers of color, for example, may be expected to interact socially with more ease, even though they face the same challenges in learning new cultural norms and languages.

Possible Issues for Senior Volunteers

Peace Corps/Suriname has been fortunate to have both younger and older Peace Corps Volunteers serving in the country since 1995. Age has not been hindrance to being successful. Older Peace Corps Volunteers are normally treated with more respect, a common practice in Suriname’s culture.

Possible Issues for Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Volunteers

As tolerant as the Surinamese are, generally speaking, the tolerance does not extend to people with a different sexual orientation. In the capital, you may encounter individuals who are gay or lesbian, but in the rural areas where most Volunteers live, homosexuality and bisexuality are taboo, and people do not talk about them. Openly homosexual Volunteers may encounter difficulties.

Possible Religious Issues for Volunteers

As with the multi-ethinic diversity of Suriname, there are also a variety of religious beliefs and practices. Whether or not you choose to go to a church makes little difference to Surinamese. However, you will be asked about your religious beliefs as this is an important part of life in Suriname. Attending church with friends and community members is an excellent way to learn more about the culture.

Possible Issues for Volunteers With Disabilities

As a disabled Volunteer in Suriname, you may find that you face a special set of challenges. There are few services available for people with disabilities in the capital. In the field, local support is likely to be inadequate to accommodate a physically challenged Volunteer.

That said, as part of the medical clearance process, the Peace Corps Office of Medical Services determined that you were physically and emotionally capable, with or without reasonable accommodations, to perform a full tour of Volunteer service in Suriname without unreasonable risk of harm to yourself or interruption of your service. Peace Corps/Suriname staff will work with disabled Volunteers to make reasonable accommodations in training, housing, job sites, and other areas to enable them to serve safely and effectively.


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How much luggage am I allowed to bring to Suriname?

Most airlines have baggage size and weight limits and assess charges for transport of baggage that exceeds those limits. The Peace Corps has its own size and weight limits and will not pay the cost of transport for baggage that exceeds these limits. The Peace Corps’ allowance is two checked pieces of luggage with combined dimensions of both pieces not to exceed 107 inches (length + width + height) and a carry-on bag with dimensions of no more than 45 inches. Checked baggage should not exceed 80 pounds total, with a maximum weight of 50 pounds for any one bag. Take valuable items in your carry-on to prevent theft en route. Sharp objects should be placed in your checked bags to avoid confiscation at security checkpoints. Please check the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) website for a detailed list of permitted and prohibited items at http://www.tsa.gov/ travelers/airtravel/prohibited/permitted-prohibited-items.shtm.

Peace Corps Volunteers are not allowed to take pets, weapons, explosives, radio transmitters (shortwave radios are permitted), automobiles, or motorcycles to their overseas assignments. Do not pack flammable materials or liquids such as lighter fluid, cleaning solvents, hair spray, or aerosol containers. This is an important safety precaution. Most flights to Suriname transit through Port of Spain, Trinidad. No camoflauge of any type is permitted in the country. Make sure that any garments, travel items, tools or other items are not in your carry-on bags. If your bags are searched by customs officials, the items will be confiscated.

What is the electric current in Suriname?

Both 110 volts, 60 cycles (the U.S. standard), and 220 volts can be found in houses in Suriname. (Often the electrical outlets are very near to each other and easily confused, so you need to be aware of which outlet to use.) Most Volunteers have electricity in their houses; those in communities with generators or solar panels may have it for only a few hours a day. We recommend that you bring only small, battery-operated appliances that can also be plugged in. Small adapters are needed for U.S. plugs; these are inexpensive and easy to purchase in Suriname.

How much money should I bring?

Volunteers are expected to live at the same level as the people in their community. You will be given a settling-in allowance and a monthly living allowance, which should cover your expenses. Often Volunteers wish to bring additional money for vacation travel to other countries. Credit cards are accepted in various hotels and businesses in the capital, but can rarely be used in other locations in Suriname. It is not uncommon for a bank fee between 1 percent and 5 percent to be added to the amount of the purchase. Traveler’s checks are difficult to cash, but they are handy when traveling outside of Suriname. If you choose to bring extra money, bring the amount that will suit your own travel plans and needs.

When can I take vacation and have people visit me?

Each Volunteer accrues two vacation days per month of service (excluding training). Leave may not be taken during training, the first three months of service, or the last three months of service, except in conjunction with an authorized emergency leave. Family and friends are welcome to visit you as long as their stay does not interfere with your work.

They are not allowed to visit you during PST and for the first three months of your service. This restriction allows you to focus on learning the culture and effectively integrating into your community. Extended visitor stays at your site are not encouraged and may require permission from your country director. The Peace Corps cannot provide your visitors with visa, medical, or travel assistance.

Will my belongings be covered by insurance?

The Peace Corps does not provide insurance coverage for personal effects. Volunteers are ultimately responsible for the safekeeping of their personal belongings. However, you can purchase personal property insurance before you leave. If you wish, you may contact your own insurance company; additionally, insurance application forms will be provided in the invitation kit and at Staging, and we encourage you to consider them carefully. Many Volunteers do decide to buy insurance policies to cover expensive items such as computers, cameras, and such. Volunteers should not ship or take valuable items overseas. Jewelry, watches, radios, cameras, and expensive appliances are subject to loss, theft, and breakage. In many places, satisfactory maintenance and repair services are not available.

Do I need an international driver’s license?

Volunteers in Suriname do not need to get an international driver’s license because they are prohibited from operating motorized vehicles. Most urban travel is by bus or taxi. Rural travel ranges from boats and airplanes to buses, minibuses, trucks, and walking.

What should I bring as gifts for Surinamese friends and my host family?

This is not a requirement, but if you wish to bring something, a small token of friendship will be appreciated. Some gift suggestions include knickknacks for the house; pictures, books, or calendars of American scenes; souvenirs from your area; hard candies that will not melt or spoil; or photos to give away.

Where will my site assignment be when I finish training and how isolated will I be?

If feasible, you will have the opportunity to provide input on your site preferences, including geographical location, distance from other Volunteers, and living conditions. However, keep in mind that many factors influence the site selection process and that the Peace Corps cannot guarantee placement where you would ideally like to be. Most Volunteers live in small towns or in rural villages and are usually one to three hours from another Volunteer. Some sites require a 10- to 12-hour journey from the capital.

How can my family contact me in an emergency?

The Peace Corps’ Office of Special Services provides assistance in handling emergencies affecting trainees and Volunteers or their families. Before leaving the United States, instruct your family to notify the Office of Special Services immediately if an emergency arises, such as a serious illness or death of a family member. During normal business hours, the number for the Office of Special Services is 800.424.8580, extension 1470. After normal business hours and on weekends and holidays, the Special Services duty officer can be reached at 202.638.2574. For nonemergency questions, your family can get information from your country desk staff at the Peace Corps by calling 800.424.8580, extension 2515, 2516, or 2525.

Can I call home from Suriname?

International phone service to and from Suriname is relatively good. The Surinamese phone company has offices in major cities (i.e., Paramaribo, Brokopondo, Albina, and Nieuw Nickerie), which offer direct lines to the United States. Additionally, you may be able to call the United States from some private phones in the major urban areas. The phone company recently introduced calling cards, which can be used with both regular phones and cellphones for local and international calls.

Should I bring a cellular phone with me?

Peace Corps/Suriname will provide cellphones to those Volunteers whose sites have cellular network coverage. It is not recommended that you bring your own cellphone as not all cellphones will work in Suriname. They can be purchased locally and are relatively inexpensive.

Will there be e-mail and Internet access? Should I bring my computer?

There are numerous Internet cafes in Paramaribo, Nieuw Nickerie, and other semiurban areas. Some Volunteers are placed at sites where a computer is not necessary for their job. At some sites a computer could prove more of a hindrance than a help. That said, many Volunteers do bring laptops with them. Note that the Peace Corps cannot be responsible for any loss, damage, or theft of computers brought by Volunteers. The Peace Corps office in Paramaribo provides computers with Internet connection in the Volunteer Resource Center.

The Peace Corps has strict guidelines regarding Volunteer-created and maintained blogs and websites. These policies are outlined in the Volunteer Handbook and will be reviewed during pre-service training.

PACKING LIST

This list has been compiled by Volunteers serving in Suriname and is based on their experience. Use it as an informal guide in making your own list, bearing in mind that every Volunteer’s experience is unique and that there is no perfect list. You obviously cannot bring everything we mention, so consider those items that make the most sense to you personally and professionally. The sort of work you expect to be doing—in both your official project and your secondary projects—should be your ultimate guide. You can always have things sent to you later.

Suriname has a tropical climate with high humidity and rainfall. Temperatures range from 60 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit and tend to be cooler in the rain forest interior than along the coast. The climate in Suriname can ruin some items, so do not bring things you would be heartbroken to lose. Although Volunteers are expected to project a professional image at all times, dress in the capital of Paramaribo is more formal than in the interior communities. In the capital, Volunteers work in office settings where “smart casual” attire is appropriate (trousers and collared shirts for men; slacks or skirts and blouses for women). In the interior, clothing varies depending on the culture and the location of the community. Men tend to wear pants or shorts with T-shirts or other casual shirts and sandals or flip-flops, while women wear skirts with T-shirts or other tops and sandals or flip-flops.

Remember that Suriname is a relatively poor country. Volunteers with a lot of possessions will appear rich to many Surinamese. Keep in mind that you have an 80-pound weight limit on baggage, and that you can get almost everything you need in Suriname.

General Clothing

Clothing should be sturdy, easily washable, permanent press, quick-drying, and modest. Volunteers recommend that you try washing clothing and wringing it out by hand before packing to determine if the clothing is suitable. Do not bring military-style clothing or camoflauge garments.

For Men:


For Women

Shoes


Personal Hygiene and Toiletry Items

Kitchen and Household Items

Volunteers receive funds to purchase kitchen items. Most household items are available in Paramaribo. Certain items, such as measuring cups, a durable can opener, garlic press, etc., are sometimes hard to find. If you have lightweight kitchen items that seem essential to you, you may want to bring them. Otherwise, save luggage space and weight and buy them in Suriname. If you enjoy cooking, it may be worthwhile to pack some of your favorite spices. (e.g., taco, chili powder and Italian seasonings) as they may be hard to find in Suriname.

Miscellaneous

Things You May Be Glad You Brought


PRE-DEPARTURE CHECKLIST

The following list consists of suggestions for you to consider as you prepare to live outside the United States for two years. Not all items will be relevant to everyone, and the list does not include everything you should make arrangements for.

Family

Medical/Health


Insurance

Personal Papers

Voting

Financial Management

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Tell Your Friends
Navigation
Peace Corps News
Timelines
Country Information
Groups
Help
About
Toolbox